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Chukar Partridge The national Bird of Pakistan

Chukar Partridge – Some Facts about the National Bird of Pakistan

The Chukar Partridge, often known as Pakistan’s national bird, is the subject of this page, which includes information about the bird as well as some fascinating facts about it.

The scientific classification of the chukar partridge

SpeciesAlectoris chukar

National Bird of Pakistan

Many people have no idea what Pakistan’s national bird is, which is the most often asked question on the internet. This information will be beneficial to them. Chukar Partridge is Pakistan’s national bird. In Pakistan, it is frequently referred to as “chukar.” It is one of Pakistan’s national symbols.

The national bird of Pakistan, the Chukar Partridge, has a lovely sound. The majority of people enjoy having it in their houses. The Chakor is a symbol of love and passion in Punjab, Pakistan.

The Chukar Partridge can symbolise a passionate, and often unrequited, love for another person, according to North Indian and Pakistani tradition, particularly Hindu culture. It is reportedly in love with the moon and spends its days staring at it.

Due to their vicious temperament during the breeding season, they are kept as fighting birds in some locations throughout the breeding season. Finally, the Chukar partridge makes a solid argument for being Pakistan’s national bird symbol.

Due to their peculiar and rugged nature, chukars are also being grown specifically for hunting in some parts of Pakistan, even though this is considered unlawful by officials. June and July are good hunting months for Chukars in Pakistan and Afghanistan.

Because of the country’s diverse temperature and topography, Pakistan is home to some of the world’s most unusual and unique birds.

Millions of migrating birds from all over the world, particularly from Siberia, are drawn to its wetlands and lakes each year, which, in addition to its wild species in their natural habitat in dense forests and mountains, provide an excellent opportunity for birdwatchers from all over the world to observe them.

The government has developed various conservation zones, which have allowed both local and migrant birds to thrive. Hunters are only allowed to hunt during the hunting season if they obtain a hunting permit or a license.

Here are 20 facts about National bird of Pakistan, the chakor:

Scientific nameAlectoris chukar
Native to South Asia and the Middle East
Habitat Open scrub, grassland, and rocky hillsides
SizeAbout the size of a domestic chicken
Diet Seeds, grains, insects, and small animals
Conservation statusLeast Concern
Symbolic significanceThe national bird of Pakistan
DistributionFound in Afghanistan, India, Iran, Pakistan, and other countries
PlumageReddish-brown with white markings on the belly and throat
WingspanAbout 30 cm (12 in)
Average lifespanUp to 8 years in the wild
Behavior:Omnivorous and social, often found in small flocks
Breeding seasonApril to June
Clutch size5-12 eggs
Incubation periodAbout 21 days
Juvenile plumageBrown with darker spotting
Sexual dimorphismMales and females are similar in appearance
CallsMale chakors have a distinctive, ringing call
PredatorsHawks, eagles, and other birds of prey
Cultural significanceDepicted in art and literature throughout its range

Description of Chukar Partridge

The Chukar is a round-shaped bird that measures 34-38 cm in length. It features a buff tummy and a light brown back with greyish breasts. It features a white face that is covered in a black gorget. It has rufous stripes on its sides and bright red legs.

Chukar Partridge – Some Facts about the National Bird of Pakistan
Chukar Partridge – Some Facts about the National Bird of Pakistan

The chukar, a pheasant-like upland gamebird native to Eurasian grasslands, is a pheasant-like upland gamebird. This sparrow’s historical range in Asia includes Pakistan, Kashmir, Afghanistan, and southeastern Europe.

Its western equivalent, the Red-legged pheasant, Alectoris rufa, is closely related and has a similar composition throughout Europe.

This has been widely imported and thrived in Canada, the United States, Hawaii, and New Zealand. In Great Britain, hybrids between this bird and the Red-legged Partridge, which was introduced to the country, are common.

Chukar pheasants are typically 32-35cm in length. Long-distance flight is impossible for the Chukar.

Physical Characteristics Chukar Partridge

The Chukar Partridge is a plump, round bird with a length of around 32 cm (12.6 in) and a wingspan of about 50 cm (20 in). It has a distinctive black and white striped face, a reddish-brown back, and a white underside. The male Chukar Partridge has black breasts, while the female has brown breasts. Both sexes have a reddish-brown band on their flanks and a distinctive white ring around the neck.

Chukar’s Behavior

Chukar Partridge The national Bird of Pakistan 1

Chukar partridges typically consume a wide variety of grains and insects. They prefer to live in coveys, which are groups of 5-40 people. It lays 8 to 20 eggs in dirt scrapes that are thinly lined. If the eggs are collected every day while in captivity, it will release one egg per day during the breeding cycle.

When confronted with a threat, it prefers to run rather than fly, but its rounded wings allow it to fly for a short distance if necessary. Chakors are a tough bird to pursue because of their fast disappearances into the vegetation and surgical upwards flight.

The Chukar Partridge is a social bird usually found in small flocks of up to 20 individuals. It is a fast runner and an excellent flyer and can often be seen running along the ground or taking off into the air to escape predators. The Chukar Partridge is also a vocal bird, with a distinctive “chuk-chuk” call that gives it its name.
The Chukar Partridge is a non-migratory species and is territorial during the breeding season. The male Chukar Partridge performs a distinctive courtship dance to attract a mate, and both sexes participate in the construction of a shallow nest on the ground. The female Chukar Partridge lays a clutch of 6-12 eggs, which are incubated for about three weeks. Both parents care for the young chicks, which fledge after about four weeks.

Conservation Status Chukar Partridge

The Chukar Partridge is classified as a species of “Least Concern” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). While it is widely hunted for sport, it has a large, stable population and is found over a wide range. However, habitat loss and degradation, and overhunting in some areas may pose a threat to the Chukar Partridge in the future.

Chukar’s Partridge Food

Chukars, like other birds, are vegetarians who supplement their diet with leaves, insects, and seeds, particularly those from sunflower, mustard, and dwarf pine. Chukars eat various plants, notably, the plentiful sagebrush found throughout North America.

Chukar’s Egg structure

Chukar Partridge The national Bird of Pakistan Egg Structure

Between the ages of 8 and 14 and frequently between the ages of 6 and 20, if not more. The color ranges from yellow to pale beige, with reddish-brown specks. In most situations, the female is in charge of incubation, which takes between 22 and 24 days. Even a female may lay two clutches of eggs, with one clutch being hatched by the male and the other being nurtured by the mother.

Nesting of Chukar Partridge

The man tilts his head and rotates around the female as part of the wooing ritual. Each coupling member makes movements to resemble feeding; the male can feed the female. The nest is hidden beneath a shrub or a projecting rock on the surface. The nest’s interior is covered in a thick layer of grass, branches, and feathers.

In culture Chukar Partridge

Chukar Partridge The national Bird of Pakistan
Chukar Partridge The National Bird of Pakistan 1

The name is onomatopoeic, and allusions to the word chakor in Sanskrit, a northern Indian language, may be found in the Markandeya Purana (Book of the Dead) (c. 250-500 AD). In Indian culture, the Chukar Partridge can signify passionately, and sometimes unrequited, love.

In Pakistani culture, the chukar can also symbolize unrequited love. It is said that it is head over heels in love with the moon and cannot stop staring at it. They are sometimes kept as fighting birds in numerous parts of the world due to their vicious temperament during the breeding season.

What is the national bird of Pakistan?

The national bird of Pakistan is the chukar partridge (Alectoris chukar). This bird is native to the rocky hills and cliffs of Pakistan and other parts of Asia. It is a small, stocky bird with a distinctive black-and-white striped head and a reddish-brown body. The chukar is known for its beautiful calls and is often hunted for sport in Pakistan.

Why Chakor Is the National Bird of Pakistan

Chukar’s native range is found in Pakistan, Iraq, Syria, Israel, Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, Nepal, and India. Chukar’s red-legged partridge is found in Europe, while in North America, Canada, and New Zealand, these birds were brought from Afghanistan and Nepal. Currently, Chukar is a Gaming bird all over the world so it is national Bird of Pakistan.


The Chukar Partridge is a fascinating and attractive gamebird with a distinctive appearance and vocalization. It is widely distributed across South and Central Asia and is a popular species for hunting and keeping as a pet. While its conservation status is currently stable, it is important to ensure that habitat loss and overhunting do not threaten this species in the future.

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